The main research areas of the laboratory are related to the development of new generation composite catalysts for efficient oxidation of carbon monoxide (CO) which is the most toxic gas polluting the atmosphere because of car exhaust emissions and industrial waste gases. Catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide is the most effective method to neutralize it.

In order to determine all the necessary fundamental aspects of the catalytic action of composite catalysts, our laboratory conducts complex physicochemical research, synthesis and analysis of their catalytic properties. In the future, on the basis of these studies, the shift towards technological schemes of preparation and application of these catalysts in the industry will be possible.

At the moment the most important areas of research are the creation and the study of:

  •  catalysts which would allow carrying out catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide (CO) at room temperature and below, while maintaining their thermic stability when exposed to temperature of 1000C or more. In this case and in the long run, such catalysts could be used to neutralize the toxic gases emitted from vehicles;
  •  catalysts which would enable carrying out so-called "wet" CO oxidation (i.e. oxidation by water vapor) at low temperatures close to room temperature. These catalysts are needed to clean up closed space (submarines, spacecraft, etc.) for human life;
  •  model catalytic systems, such as "cluster / nanoparticle on the surface of active substrate" in order to determine the nature of the oxygen states on the surface of defective highly dispersed systems.
Our laboratory studies real powder catalysts, as well as model systems which were previously developed. Following research results were obtained:

  •  powder catalysts based on metal-oxide and metal-carbon composites were studied. Catalytic systems have been synthesized by various methods, including both chemical (co-precipitation method and solution combustion method) and physical methods (plasma-arc spraying). The catalytic activity of these catalysts has been studied, and turned out to be higher than the global level;
  •  it was shown that highly oxidized metal nanoparticles of palladium and of Group IB metals can be active forms for low temperature oxidation;
  •  correlations between the structure of catalysts and their activity were established using complex physicochemical methods.
Partners of the Laboratory: IRCELYON (Lyon, France), Moscow State University (Moscow), Tomsk State University (TSU, Tomsk), Siberian Physical-Technical Institute TSU (Tomsk), Kemerovo State University (Kemerovo), Institute of Coal Chemistry and Material Sciences SB RAS (Kemerovo),Institute of Hydrocarbons Processing SB RAS (Omsk).

Expert in this field: Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Andrei Boronin, boronin@catalysis.ru

Section of General chemistry
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Institute of Thermophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences