One of the major research fields in the laboratory is a deep and profound research of epistemological and ontological foundations of rationality of scientific cognition and social activity.

The Laboratory’s research focuses on the study the following topics:

  •  Different problems in constructing and selecting theoretical constructions and rationalising the process of decision making emerge when considering the foundations of rationality of scientific knowledge and social activity. New problems and challenges both epistemological and axilogical in nature appear in a knowledge-based society that cannot be resolved within the framework of a specific discipline. A new level of philosophical comprehension of processes taking place in science and the society is required because rational approaches in science methodology are being changed as well as rational foundations of effective functioning of the social institutions in the society based on knowledge and assessment of going through a process of change.
  •  Using logic and mathematical results to clarify and resolve a whole range of problems is a determining factor in the development of modern rational philosophy. A formalization of the language of science is required to adequately reflect a growing complexity of cognitive processes. Computerization of scientific research serves as one of the means of achieving the necessary level of adequacy, which is realized through the concept of knowledge representation. The actual systems of knowledge representation are not complete or non-contradictory. Hence an approach different from that based on purely deductive reasoning and mathematical modelling is necessary. The study to be conducted within the framework of this research topic will be aimed at singling out the limits of the expressive power of formal languages in representing scientific knowledge, explicating their nature and singling out the perspectives of overcoming them.
  •  Generalising and comprehending of an impressive number of results regarding crisis dynamics, comparative study of revolutions, separatist and inter-ethnic, sectariam conflicts and political regime transformation. These results will be compared with a broad range of macrosociological models and concepts to construct a network of interconncted common hypotheses and theories of crisis dynamics and political transformations, which take into account different time scales and different interaction fields.
Field expert: Alexander Valeriyevich Khlebalin, Ph. D., Philosophy, email: sasha_khl@mail.ru

Institue of Philosophy and Law NSUS